Various Types of Data Modelling Techniques

Nnaemezue Obi-Eyisi
2 min readAug 25, 2023


Introduction: Data modeling is the foundation of effective database design, enabling organizations to structure and represent their data for efficient storage, retrieval, and analysis. In this blog post, we embark on a journey through the diverse landscape of data modeling techniques, ranging from traditional relational models to modern approaches that cater to the complexities of today’s data-driven world.

Relational Data Modeling:

Entity-Relationship (ER) Model:

  • Describes entities, attributes, and relationships among them.
  • Utilizes entities, attributes, and relationships to construct entity-relationship diagrams.

Relational Model:

  • Represents data as tables (relations) with rows (tuples) and columns (attributes).
  • Enforces data integrity through primary keys, foreign keys, and normalization.

Dimensional Data Modeling:

Star Schema:

  • Central fact table surrounded by dimension tables.
  • Optimized for querying and aggregating data in business intelligence applications.

Snowflake Schema:

  • Extension of star schema with normalized dimension tables.
  • Reduces redundancy, promotes data integrity, and optimizes storage.

Hierarchical Data Modeling:

Tree Structure Model:

  • Represents data in a hierarchical tree-like structure.
  • Suitable for data with parent-child relationships, such as organizational charts.

Network Data Modeling:

Graph Data Model:

  • Represents data as nodes and edges in a graph.
  • Suitable for complex relationships and interconnected data, such as social networks.

Object-Oriented Data Modeling:

Object-Relational Model:

  • Extends the relational model to include object-oriented features.
  • Supports complex data types, inheritance, and encapsulation.

Class Diagrams:

  • Represents classes, attributes, methods, and relationships in object-oriented programming.
  • Aids in designing software systems with a focus on object interactions.

NoSQL Data Modeling:

Document Store Model:

  • Stores data as documents (JSON, XML) in a non-tabular format.
  • Offers flexibility for semi-structured and dynamic data.

Columnar Store Model:

  • Stores data in columnar databases optimized for analytical queries.
  • Suitable for data warehousing and analytics.

Time Series Data Modeling:

Temporal Data Model:

  • Captures temporal aspects of data, including validity and transaction times.
  • Enables analysis of historical changes and trends.

Conclusion: The realm of data modeling techniques is rich and diverse, accommodating various data types, structures, and business needs. Each technique comes with its own strengths and considerations. As organizations navigate the intricate tapestry of data modeling, they must select the most appropriate technique based on their data characteristics, system requirements, and scalability goals. By choosing the right technique, organizations can unlock the potential of their data, enhance decision-making, and pave the way for a data-driven future.



Nnaemezue Obi-Eyisi

I am passionate about empowering, educating, and encouraging individuals pursuing a career in data engineering. Currently a Senior Data Engineer at Capgemini